Dr. Jeff Masters, December 19, 2013
Director of Meteorology, Weather Underground
The Philippines is a nation used to seeing devastating typhoons. Between 1984 and 2012, the Philippines saw seven tropical cyclones that killed at least 1,000 people. In all of these storms, it was destructive flooding due to heavy inland rains that was the main killer. This is in contrast to the Atlantic basin, where storm surge from the ocean has historically been the main killer. However, the vast majority of the 7,900 deaths from Super Typhoon Haiyan were due to storm surge.
Christopher C. Burt, December 17, 2013
Weather Historian, Weather Underground
Of course, the most significant extreme weather event globally during the month of November was Super Typhoon Haiyan, the Philippines deadliest natural disaster on record and one of the most powerful tropical storms to make landfall in modern history. Other significant events were the tornado outbreak in the U.S. Midwest, exceptional rainfall and flooding in Sardinia, Cuba, and Vietnam, a deadly tropical storm in Somalia, and unusually high temperatures in portions of Alaska, Russia, and Europe. It was earth’s warmest November on record. See Jeff Master’s blog about this.