Sources of Further Information References

"Glacial Lake Outburst Flood Monitoring and Early Warning System." United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).

"Glaciers and Icecaps". United States Geological Survey (USGS).

"Loss of Andes glaciers threatens water supply." Tehran Times, November 28, 2007.

"Melting Andean Glaciers Could Leave 30 Million High and Dry." Environmental News Service (ENS) (April 28, 2008).

"Retracting Glacier Impacts Economic Outlook in the Tropical Andes." World Bank, April 23, 2008.

Brown, Lee E., David M. Hannah, and Alexander M. Milner. "Vulnerability of alpine stream biodiversity to shrinking glaciers and snowpacks." Global Change Biology 13 (2007): 958.966.

Chadwick, Douglas H. "Crown of the Continent." National Geographic Magazine (September, 2007).

Cyranoski, David. "Climate change: The long-range forecast." Nature 438 (November 17, 2005): 275.276.

Dyurgerov, Mark B. and Mark F. Meier. "Glaciers and the Changing Earth System: A 2004 Snapshot." Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, Occasional Paper 58 (2005).

Fealy, Rowan and John Sweeny. "Detection of a possible change point in atmospheric variability in the North Atlantic and its effect on Scandinavian glacier mass balance." International Journal of Climatology 25 (2005): 1819.1833.

Fujita, K. and Y. Ageta. "Effect of summer accumulation on glacier mass balance on the Tibetan Plateau revealed by mass-balance model." Journal of Glaciology 46, 153 (2000), 244.252.

Joerin, Ulrich E., Thomas F. Stocker, and Christian Schlüchter. "Multicentury glacier fluctuations in the Swiss Alps during the Holocene." The Holocene 16 (2006): 697.704.

Hormes, A., J. Beer, and C. Schlüchter. "A geochronological approach to understanding the role of solar activity on Holocene glacier length variability in the Swiss Alps." Geografiska Annaler Series A 88 A, 4 (2006): 281.294.

Houghton, J. T., Y. Ding , D. J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P. J. Van der Hinden , X. Dai, K. Maskell, and C. A. Johnson (eds). (IPCCc). "Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change" [Houghton, J.T., et al. (eds)]. Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY USA: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

IPCCb. "Summary for Policymakers." In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M.Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Kargel, J. S., R. Wessels, and H. H. Kieffer. "A World of Changing Glaciers: Hazards, Opportunities, and Measures of Global Climate Change." American Goephysical Union, Spring Meeting, Abstract U31A-04 (2002).

Kaser, Georg, Douglas R. Hardy, Thomas Mölg, Raymond S. Bradley, and Tharsis M. Hyera. "Modern Glacier Retreat on Kilimanjaro as Evidence of Climate Change: Observations and Facts." International Journal of Climatology 24 (2004): 329.339.

Kaser, G. and H. Osmaston. Tropical Glaciers (UNESCO International Hydrological Series). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Larsen, C. F., R. J. Motyka, A. A. Arendt, K. A. Echelmeyer, and P. E. Geissler. "Glacier changes in southeast Alaska and northwest British Columbia and contribution to sea level rise." Journal of Geophysical Research 112 (2007).

Lemke, P., J. Ren, R.B. Alley, I. Allison, J. Carrasco, G. Flato, Y. Fujii, G. Kaser, P. Mote, R.H. Thomas and T. Zhang (IPCCa). "Observations: Changes in Snow, Ice and Frozen Ground." In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Liu, Shiyin; Ding, Yongjian; Shangguan, Donghui; Zhang, Yong; Li, Jing; Han, Haidong; Wang, Jian; Xie, Changwei. "Glacier retreat as a result of climate warming and increased precipitation in the Tarim river basin, northwest China." Annals of Glaciology 43 (2006): 91.96.

Luthke, S.B, Arendt, A., Rowlands, D., McCarthy, J., Larsen, C. F., 2008, Recent glacier mass changes in the Gulf of Alaska region from GRACE mascon solutions Journal of Glaciology 54, Number 1988, Decemnber 2008, pp 767-777, DOI: 10.3189/002214308787779933

McKie, Robin. "Millions face glacier catastrophe: Global warming hits Himalayas." The Guardian (November 20 2005).

Meier, Mark F., Mark B. Dyurgerov, Ursula K. Rick, Shad O.Neel, W. Tad Pfeffer, Robert S. Anderson, Suzanne P. Anderson, and Andrey F. Glazovsky. "Glaciers Dominate Eustatic Sea-Level Rise in the 21st Century." Science 317, 1064 (2007): 1064.1067.

Mölg, T., N. Cullen, D. Hardy, and G. Kaser. "Mass balance of a tropical glacier and its sensitivity to climate fluctuations: Kilimanjaro, 5873 m a.s.l." Geophysical Research Abstracts 9, 11307 (2007).

Paterson, W. S. B. The Physics of Glaciers. Oxford, UK: Butterworth Heinemann, 1994.

Paul, Frank, Christian Huggel, Andreas Kääb, Nadine Salzman, Max Maisch, and Wilfried Haeberli. "Glacier change and related hazards in Switzerland." United Nations Environment Program (2007).

National Snow and Ice Data Center. "Glacier Story: A Tour of the Life of a Glacier."

Rasmussen, L. A., and H. Conway. "Climate and glacier variability in western North America." Journal of Climate 17 (2004): 1804.1815.

Stafford, J. M., G. Wendler, and J. Curtis. "Temperature and precipitation of Alaska: 50 year trend analysis." Theoretical and Applied Climatology 67 (2000): 33.44.

Vergara, W., A. M. Deeb, A. M. Valencia, R. S. Bradley, B. Francou, A. Zarzar, A. Grünwaldt, and S. M. Haeussling. "Economic Impacts of Rapid Glacier Retreat in the Andes." Eos 88, 25 (June 19, 2007): 261.268.

Zemp, M., W. Haeberli, M. Hoelzle, and F. Paul. "Alpine glaciers to disappear within decades?" Geophysical Research Letters 33 (2006).