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Area forecast discussion
National Weather Service Taunton Massachusetts
959 PM EDT Fri Aug 18 2017

Synopsis...
widespread rain with embedded heavier showers and thunderstorms
overnight. Main threat of localized flooding. Drying out into
Saturday ahead of a cold front which moves offshore Saturday
night. High pressure returns with fair seasonable weather Sunday
through Tuesday. Another cold front sweeps through New England
Wednesday, followed by more dry weather Thursday into Friday.

&&

Near term /until 6 am Saturday morning/...
10 PM update...
upstream convection, predominantly across the mid Atlantic
earlier this evening usurped a lot of the available
moisture/unstable air within the warm sector, as warm front
continues to slowly pivot offshore. Still with high
pwats/k-indices, enough moisture still left to work with low level jet
which is increasing mainly across southeast Massachusetts. This is likely to be
the focus for the remainder of the night except some pop-up
rain showers/thunderstorms and rain along the advancing cold front which is moving into
the Hudson Valley at the time of this update. This will be slow,
and likely not even offshore by 12z, hence the continued risk
for rain showers/thunderstorms and rain through the overnight hours. However, the
dwindling instability with its typical diurnal trend, combined
with the core low level jet shifting east should allow this risk to wane
through the morning. Pop update reflects this. Otherwise, very
humid tonight, as temps/dwpts will remain in the upper 60s and
low 70s.

Previous discussion follows...

*/ overview (4p update)...

Ahead of a deep low center over the north Great Lakes region, tropical
moisture is surging N, converging and over-running along a warm
frontal boundary presently hung up along the east-waters immediately
offshore of New England as discerned via h925-85 Storm Prediction Center mesoanalysis.
Meanwhile the atmosphere has destabilized ahead of a pre-frontal
trough where partial clearing has occurred in an area of higher
surface dewpoints, deeper tropical moisture, and modest shear. All
of this activity is forecast to converge over S/east New England and
adjacent waters this evening and overnight out ahead of a surface
cold front and attendant 500 mb-7 mid-level dry punch. The h925-85 low
level jet intensifying per isallobaric response out ahead of the mid-
upper level ridge over the northwest Atlantic, maintaining convection and
heavy rain threats North/East through Saturday morning prior to cold frontal
passage. Drying out northwest to southeast as winds turn westerly. Any dense fog
that develops during the overnight period as it is expected with
the very humid, muggy, moist airmass, eroding. Lows around the low
70s.

*/ Discussion (4p update)...

Straight-forward, continued forecast of widespread rain with embedded
heavier downpours and thunderstorms. Two things of continued concern:
1.) Localized flooding, and 2.) Strong to severe storms.

Near-term high-res guidance such as the hrrr is preferred. However,
18.12z NAM and WRF models are only partially considered given poor
initialization.

Localized flooding...

While all of S New England remains under threat, higher confidence
of potential impacts is across S/east Massachusetts and CT and all of Rhode Island. Expect
thunderstorms over SW PA into New Jersey to advect North/East with the mean wind,
maintained and fueled by an inflow of low-level h925-85 tropical
moisture. A measure of instability running up against the warm
front still lingering along the immediate east waters as discerned
via h925-85 Storm Prediction Center mesoanalysis, and out ahead of a sweeping cold
front and mid-level dry punch, a convergence of moisture leading
to heavy rain is progged. This along with high freezing level
heights and 850 mb dewpoints well in excess of +12c (up to +17c),
efficient warm-rain processes signaled .As we have seen already
with prior heavy showers / storms, rainfall rates of around 1-2
inches per hours are easily possible. Quick dousing amounts up
to 3 inches within 2 hours is not out of the question. The
propensity of flash flooding is there but thinking isolated,
localized rather than widespread. Will forego any headlines at
this point and focus on short-fused products.

Strong to severe storms...

Watching closely as to whether we need to coordinate with Storm Prediction Center on
a Severe Thunderstorm Watch for portions of S New England. Per
Storm Prediction Center mesoanalysis, instability has manifested across short wave Massachusetts and
CT. However marginal, the better environment still resides well
short wave where partial clearing has allowed for better low-level lapse
rates and subsequent destabilization which has resulted in present,
ongoing convection. Still convinced that ongoing activity presently
is going to rob the environment to the north. However, not ignoring the
low LCLs, high shear, and measure of instability across the region.
While the greater threat is S/W, still need to maintain a watch for
portions of our area. Somewhat banking on the convection over southeast
PA and New Jersey as it advects North/East across southeast areas of New England to have
some strong, possibly severe elements. Heavy rain and frequent
lightning the main threats, but gusty winds also possible.

&&

Short term /6 am Saturday morning through Saturday night/...
not a washout. Widespread rain with embedded heavier showers,
possibly a thunderstorms, lingers over southeast Massachusetts during the morning
period, eroding with the influx of mid-level 500 mb-7 drier air
despite the cold front lagged. This is easily evident within the
k-indices, contrary to other convective parameters such as cape.
Should see gradual clearing across the region for a brief period
before comma-wrap moisture sweeps through the region behind the
low filling back in the dry punch. Some scattered cumulus through
the day, however the cyclonic flow and some favorable mid level
lapse rates with a weak cold pool aloft, could see some shower
activity over the north/west Massachusetts and CT overnight by which point the
surface cold front will have pushed offshore, winds becoming west
and turning light as high pressure builds into the region of the
Ohio River valley behind the low.

Lower surface dewpoints during the day but still out ahead of
the cold front, should turn a bit more comfortable with highs
into the mid to upper 80s. Clouds

Lingering overnight with the
comma-low, may hamper what might be a favorable night of
radiational cooling given light winds. Lows back down into the
60s.

&&

Long term /Sunday through Friday/...
much of this period will feature a mid level ridge across the
southern USA. For our neck of the Woods, nearly zonal flow should
prevail through early next week. Expecting a potent mid level trough
to get close to our region towards late next week.

Latest guidance suite is in reasonable agreement with the overall
pattern, with the typical detail differences. Favoring a consensus
blend to smooth over the less predictable details.

Thinking heat and humidity slowly builds from Sunday on, peaking
Wednesday before a cold front moves through our region. Temperatures
during this period should be near to above normal. Once this cold
front passes Wednesday night, expecting near to below normal
temperatures which much more comfortable humidity levels.

Increasing risk for showers and possible thunderstorms Tuesday night
into Wednesday, otherwise mainly dry much of next week.

&&

Aviation /02z Saturday through Wednesday/...
forecaster confidence levels...

Low - less than 30 percent.
Moderate - 30 to 60 percent.
High - greater than 60 percent.

Short term /through Saturday night/...

Through tonight...moderate confidence.

Conditions lowering IFR-LIFR over much of the region as the
threat of rain/+ra with becomes more widespread. Tempo visibility
impacts with rain/+ra and expected dense fog, more likely over S/east
coastal terminals. Clearing out towards morning. Blustery S/SW
winds with a few gusts up to 30 kts, strongest over the S/southeast
coastal terminals. Despite, low level wind shear impacts possible especially
over far southeast Massachusetts with 40 kts SW at 2 kft above ground level. Gradual improvement
northwest to southeast across the interior towards Saturday morning.

Saturday into Saturday night...moderate confidence.

Gradual improvement for S/east terminals, lowest IFR-LIFR conditions
with -ra/rain lingering for southeast coastal terminals. SW winds prevailing
turning west towards evening. Scattered 4-5 kft low-end VFR cigs during
the day, becoming broken-overcast north/west overnight with the low risk of -ra.

Kbos terminal...moderate confidence.
MVFR-IFR mix through morning. Feel there is a threat of rain/+ra
this evening around 0-6z. Tempo IFR visibility impacts possible. Low
risk of tsra, feel that may stay S of the terminal, so will
continue thunderstorms in the vicinity mention.

Kbdl terminal...moderate confidence.
MVFR-IFR through the overnight period with the threat of rain/+ra
along with thunderstorms and rain roughly 21-03z. Should see improvement after
midnight into the Saturday morning hours with cigs lifting.

Outlook /Sunday through Wednesday/...

Sunday through Tuesday...high confidence.
VFR. Areas of IFR in early morning fog/low clouds, then improving
to VFR by mid morning each day.

Tuesday night and Wednesday...moderate confidence.
Mainly VFR. Scattered MVFR is rain showers/tsra, especially Wednesday.

&&

Marine...
forecaster confidence levels...

Low - less than 30 percent.
Moderate - 30 to 60 percent.
High - greater than 60 percent.

Short term /through Saturday night/...moderate confidence.

S winds will be on the increase, gusting up to 30 kts across
the S/southeast waters. Small Craft Advisory remain as winds will
result in heightened seas up around 5 feet.

Heavy rain with embedded thunderstorms sweeping SW to NE across
the waters tonight. Will likely be some visibility restrictions.

Conditions improving Saturday into Saturday night as a cold
front sweeps the waters late in the period with winds turning west.

Outlook /Sunday through Wednesday/...

Sunday through Tuesday...high confidence.

High pressure builds over the waters. Winds remain 20 knots or less,
and seas 4 feet or less.

Tuesday night and Wednesday...moderate confidence. Increasing
southwest winds ahead of a cold front should lead to rough seas
across the outer coastal waters, especially on the southern coastal
waters. There may be a few gusts to 25 kt on Wednesday, too.

&&

Box watches/warnings/advisories...
CT...none.
Massachusetts...none.
Rhode Island...none.
Marine...Small Craft Advisory until 9 am EDT Saturday for anz231>234.
Small Craft Advisory until 2 am EDT Saturday for anz236.
Small Craft Advisory until 11 am EDT Saturday for anz235-237.
Small Craft Advisory until 5 PM EDT Saturday for anz250-254.
Small Craft Advisory until 8 PM EDT Saturday for anz255-256.

&&

$$
Synopsis...Belk/sipprell

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