Gulf of Mexico disturbance; Ultramarathon today in Death Valley

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:01 PM GMT on July 24, 2006

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An area of disturbed weather associated with a tropical wave and a weak trough of surface pressure is generating some intense thunderstorms with strong wind gusts over the southwestern Gulf of Mexico. At 10am EDT, the winds at buoy 42002, 275 miles South-Southeast of Sabine, TX, recorded a wind gust of 50 mph. Sustained winds have been in the 25-30 mph range at this buoy the past few hours. The thunderstorm activity has increased since yesterday, but wind shear remains high, 15-25 knots, which is probably too high to allow a tropical depression to develop today. There was a hurricane hunter flight scheduled to take off at 11:30am today to investigate the disturbance, but it was cancelled. The disturbance shows no signs of a ciculation, as one can monitor via Brownsville, TX radar.

Both the GFS and NOGAPS models are forecasting the wind shear to fluctuate up and down through Wednesday, but probably remain above 15 knots. This amount of shear is likely too much for the disturbance to develop into a tropical depression. By Thursday, the wind shear is forecast to drop sharply, increasing the chances for development--if the disturbance hasn't moved over land by then. The disturbance is close to the Mexican coast, and may move ashore by Tuesday near the Texas/Mexico border. NHC has not scheduled a Hurricane Hunter flight for Tuesday.


Figure 1. Preliminary model forecast tracks for the area of disturbed weather in the Southwest Gulf of Mexico.

New wave to watch
A large tropical wave with a surface circulation is near 14N 45W, 1100 miles east of the Lesser Antilles Islands. The wave is moving west at 15 mph, and should reach the Lesser Antilles islands on Thursday. The wave has entered a region of low wind shear of 5-10 knots which is forecast to persist for the next three days, so some slow development is possible. The primary impediment will be dry air--the wave is surrounded by a huge cloud of African dust and dry air, and thunderstorm activity is currently minimal. A Hurricane Hunter airplane is tenatively scheduled to investigate the system on Thursday.


Figure 2. This morning's visible image of a tropical wave to watch 1100 miles east of the Lesser Antilles Islands.

More heat news
The heat continued to set records across the Southwest U.S. over the weekend. On Saturday, the mercury hit an unofficial 120 degrees in Usta, South Dakota, tying that state's all-time high temperature record. The record is expected to be certified by the National Climatic Data Center, according to the local National Weather Service office. The 95 degree low temperature yesterday at Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport tied the second all-time warmest low temperature. The all-time warmest low temperature was 96 degrees, set on July 15, 2003.

OK, this is NUTS!
The high temperature in Death Valley reached 125 degrees both Saturday and Sunday, which should cheer up the competitors in today's Badwater Ultramarathon, billed as "the most demanding and extreme running race offered anywhere on the planet". The race starts out in Badwater, Death Valley (just down the road from Furnace Creek, Dante's Peak, and other hellishly named Death Valley attractions!). The competitors run non-stop for 135 miles and three days across Death Valley in the heat of day, across three mountain ranges with a combined vertical ascent of 13,000', and finish at 8,000 feet altitude on Mt. Whitney. Not recommended for the sane!

Jeff Masters

Dante's Peak (waytobleu)
View of Badwater
Dante's Peak

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1153. captj
7:21 AM GMT on July 25, 2006
catchaser. I guess things do change over time. I am not sure if you can still shoot your rifles in charly's or not, but don't be a stranger, especially if you grew up here
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1152. wxwatcher
7:19 AM GMT on July 25, 2006
No prob. I got my long range radar from BRO up so if any huge blow up should occur, I will be awaken.

I actually came up with something I'm testing... I load up a radar site and either set the alarm to coverage, intensity, or both... If the radar displays that limit, an alarm goes off (actually just loud beeps). Soooo, if say, the Gulf would fill in with deep convection, it would wake me up... it's actually kinda neat especially with squall lines because sometimes I don't want to wait up all night and by the time NOAA goes off, it's already on top of me!

Anyway, I'll probably let sleep come...
1149. captj
7:14 AM GMT on July 25, 2006
thank you wx. get some sleep and we start all over tomorrow. once again , thanks.
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1146. captj
7:11 AM GMT on July 25, 2006
:-)
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1145. wxwatcher
7:00 AM GMT on July 25, 2006
Well captj, you should get something out there... if it moves NW tomorrow, you could be in for a rain feast. If it tracks more NNW, you may only get an inch at best as that area will be on the dry side.

Here's what it looks like for tonight. Expect rain to fill in across most of deep south Texas toward daybreak, then spread north to between CRP and BRO, then start to taper off in the afternoon hours from west to east. Expect 'pop-corn' type thunderstorms across the southern portions of South Central Texas and across all of South Texas. Expect massive flare up of activity across most of the western Gulf with pieces of energy slung toward Houston. The bulk of the heavy rain will remain off shore across the Houston area thanks to a weak area of high pressure building in from the north. As the evening progresses tomorrow, expect the center to continue moving NNW and be between BRO and ALI tomorrow night with core-rains focusing in the area and moderate rains being brought on shore between Rockport and Kingsville.

Also expect the bats to be released from their attics around daybreak with people confusing 'spin-offs' of energy for erratic movements to the north; expect others to want to argue that the disturbance is a TD and finally, expect people to confuse the vortexes that will embed themselves in the convection for the true center.

Bottom line, NNW motion over night (hugging the Mexican coast), increase in convection, and a show tomorrow...

I'm fixing to put myself to sleep...
1139. captj
7:02 AM GMT on July 25, 2006
CatChaser, I guess things did not work out for you here. I hope you are happyu where you are now. Hopefully with many cats.
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1135. captj
6:58 AM GMT on July 25, 2006
that is what pizzes me off. I really need rain on the webb/zapata county line. I think I have had about 6 or 7 inches this year which is good considering the conditions, but it would be really nice for something to get the animals through till next spring and this thing seems like the perfect opportunity
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1130. captj
6:54 AM GMT on July 25, 2006
a smoke break? hell I have to take a break from smoking when I leave the pc
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1129. wxwatcher
6:49 AM GMT on July 25, 2006
Ok, I think it's safe to say, that's the center moving into the KBRO short range. Can't see the entire thing but this satellite pretty much confirms it.

Moving on a NNW track, essentially hugging the Mexican coastline....

Gotta go take a smoke break

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About JeffMasters

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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